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The Second Round: Puppy Shots at 10-12 Weeks



One of the most critical aspects of puppy care is ensuring they receive the proper vaccinations at the right time. At 10-12 weeks, your puppy reaches a significant milestone in their vaccination schedule. This article will explore the importance of these pet vaccinations, the types of vaccines administered, the schedule to follow, common side effects, tips for preparing for the vet visit, and answer frequently asked questions about puppy vaccinations.



Puppies Vaccine Types


At 10-12 weeks of age, puppies receive a set of vaccinations designed to protect them against various diseases. These puppy vaccines are crucial for building a strong immune system and preventing potentially life-threatening illnesses.


Core and non-core vaccinations are two immunisations you should consider giving your dog. Core vaccinations are mandated by state law, whereas non-core vaccinations are optional but advised.



Core vaccines include:

  • Distemper Vaccine: Canine distemper is a highly contagious and often fatal viral disease. The distemper vaccine provides protection against this virus, which can affect a puppy's respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems.

  • Parvovirus Vaccine: Parvovirus is another deadly disease that primarily affects puppies. It causes severe vomiting and diarrhea, often leading to dehydration and death. The parvovirus vaccine is vital in preventing this devastating illness.

  • Adenovirus (Hepatitis) Vaccine: Adenovirus, or canine hepatitis, can lead to liver and kidney damage. This vaccine helps protect puppies from this serious infection.

  • Parainfluenza Vaccine: Parainfluenza is a respiratory virus that can contribute to kennel cough. This vaccine helps reduce the risk of your puppy contracting this contagious respiratory condition.


The Distemper-Hepatitis-Parainfluenza-Parvo (DHPP) vaccines, which veterinarians typically provide for puppies, are administered in a series of scheduled doses.


Depending on the exposure risk for your dog, we may give them non-core vaccinations. Your veterinarian may advise particular non-core vaccinations to protect your puppy against diseases transmitted from dogs to humans, for instance, if they are often boarded, attend dog daycare, or are frequently exposed to other dogs.



Non-core vaccines include:

  • Borrelia Burgdorferi Vaccine: Lyme disease is an infectious, tick-borne disease caused by a spirochete type of bacteria. Infected dogs frequently limp, their lymph nodes expand, their temperature rises, and they stop eating. If left untreated, the condition can harm his heart, kidneys, and joints and cause neurological issues. Puppies can take their first dosage when they are 10 to 12 weeks old, and they may need yearly boosters depending on their lifestyle and risk.

  • Leptospirosis Vaccine: is given every 12 weeks, with annual booster doses afterwards. Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria found in soil and water. It is a zoonotic illness, which can be passed from animals to humans. When symptoms show up, they can include fever, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, diarrhea, lack of appetite, extreme fatigue and lethargy, stiffness, jaundice, muscle pain, infertility, and renal failure.

  • Canine Influenza Vaccine: These viruses make dogs feel sick and even frequently lead to death. The virus is contagious, and dogs exposed to it will get sick with symptoms including a wet, soft cough, nasal discharge, and lethargy. The H3N2 and H3N8 vaccine series can protect against both canine influenza viruses. It is administered every 6 months, followed by a booster every 2 weeks, and then annually after that.



Puppy and Dog Vaccine Schedule


Understanding the timing and frequency of vaccinations is essential to ensure your puppy receives the necessary protection. The second round of vaccinations is the 10-12 weeks mark, following the initial series of shots given at 6-8 weeks. The pet vaccine schedule at 10-12 weeks typically includes boosters for the abovementioned vaccines.


Here's a general guideline for the puppy and dog vaccine schedule:


  • 6-8 Weeks: Distemper, Parvovirus, Adenovirus, and Parainfluenza vaccines.

  • 10-12 Weeks: Booster shots for Distemper, Parvovirus, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, and the first Kennel Cough vaccine if needed.

  • 14-16 Weeks: Final booster shots for Distemper, Parvovirus, Adenovirus, Parainfluenza, and Kennel Cough. Additionally, your puppy may receive the rabies vaccine during this visit.

  • Annual: After the initial series, dogs typically receive booster shots annually or as recommended by their veterinarian.


Following this schedule closely is essential to provide your puppy with the best protection against these diseases.


Side Effects And What To Expect After Vaccinations


After receiving vaccinations, your puppy may experience some side effects. These side effects are generally mild and temporary, but it's crucial to be aware of them:


  • Soreness at the Injection Site: It's common for puppies to experience mild discomfort or soreness at the injection site. This usually resolves within a day or two.

  • Lethargy: Your puppy may seem more tired than usual after vaccinations. This is normal and should pass within 24-48 hours.

  • Reduced Appetite: Some puppies may have a decreased appetite temporarily. Ensure they have access to water and offer their regular food; they should start eating normally soon.

  • Low-Grade Fever: A slight increase in body temperature may occur but should resolve quickly.


Contact your veterinarian immediately if you notice any severe or prolonged side effects, such as difficulty breathing, facial swelling, or hives. These reactions are rare but require prompt attention.


What to Prepare for the Vet Visit?

Visiting the vet for vaccinations can be a stressful experience for both you and your puppy. To make the procedure go more smoothly, you may do a few things:


  • Schedule an Appointment: Call ahead and schedule a convenient appointment time. Try to avoid busy times at the clinic to minimize wait times.

  • Bring Comfort Items: Bring your puppy's favorite toy or blanket to provide comfort during the visit.

  • Potty Break: Allow your puppy to relieve themselves before entering the clinic to minimize accidents inside.

  • Positive Reinforcement: Reward your puppy with treats and praise before, during, and after the appointment to create positive associations with the vet's office.

  • Carrier or Leash: Use a carrier or leash to safely transport your puppy to and from the clinic.

  • Stay Calm: Dogs can sense their owner's emotions. Stay calm and composed to reassure your puppy.


FAQs


Can my puppy go outside after vaccinations at 10-12 weeks?

While it's important to socialize your puppy, be cautious about exposing them to areas where other unvaccinated dogs may have been until they've completed their vaccine series. Consult your vet for guidance on safe socialization.

Is it safe to spay/neuter my puppy during the 10-12 weeks visit?

Do I need to continue vaccinations after the first year?

Can I delay vaccinations for my puppy?



The 10-12 weeks vaccination milestone in your puppy's life is crucial to ensuring a long and healthy future. By following the recommended schedule of vaccines for dogs, understanding common side effects, and preparing for vet visits, you're taking the necessary steps to protect your furry friend from preventable diseases. Remember that your veterinarian is your best resource for guidance on your puppy's health and vaccination needs. You're getting your puppy up for a life filled with love and happiness by providing the necessary care and attention.


Like any other immunization routine, a dog vaccination plan should be followed regularly to guarantee that your pup is healthy, happy, and well for the rest of the time. If you have any concerns or questions about your new puppy, your veterinarian is here to help! Make an appointment now for your dog's vaccines. Contact us today!


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